Emani Pollard
Emani Pollard
Paralegal , Ithaca, NY
Formerly: Dining Hall Worker
  • B.S., Industrial and Labor Relations, Cornell University

People are very special to me and I feel called to serve and help bring out the best in others. The intersection of law and hospitality is the perfect niche industry for me.

I’ve always loved history and politics, so when I applied to Cornell, I hoped to be a Government major, but I found myself in the School of Industrial and Labor Relations. The practical, people-focused education I received has proved invaluable in my work and personal life. The fall semester of my junior year, I interned for the Equal Employment and Opportunity Commission in San Francisco. I loved it. The intricacies of legal issues presented themselves as puzzle pieces that somehow needed to fit together with client stories and experiences. I was captivated and there was no turning back.

I hope to attend law school in the near future, but upon graduation from Cornell, I did not think I would find myself so soon in labor and employment law again, much less still in Ithaca. As a native Californian, winter was a great motivating factor to move away, but I am truly grateful for the opportunity to work with such an amazing and compassionate group of people. There is no other group of people with whom I would rather endure an Ithaca winter!

When I’m not at work, you can find me spending time with friends, or at the Ithaca Farmer’s Market dreaming up new recipes and dishes to try out.

In April 2018, Governor Cuomo of New York signed a set of laws aimed at combating sexual harassment in the workplace. New York employers must (1) provide all employees with written policies describing employee protections against sexual harassment and (2) conduct annual sexual harassment prevention trainings with all employees.

Policies: At a minimum, employers must provide policies in the language spoken by the employees and the policies must:

  • Prohibit sexual harassment;
  • Explain and provide examples of unlawful sexual harassment;
  • Clearly state that sexual harassment is considered employee misconduct and that sanctions/progressive discipline will be enforced against individuals engaging in sexual harassment and against supervisory/managerial employees who knowingly allow such behavior to take place/continue;
  • Discuss federal, state, and local law protections and remedies available for victims of sexual harassment;
  • Include an internal complaint form;
  • Describe the employer’s policy for investigating of complaints;
  • Inform employees about their rights of redress and external remedies, such as administrative and judicial remedies; and
  • Clearly state that retaliation against individuals who complain of sexual harassment, or who testify or assist in any investigation or proceeding involving sexual harassment, is unlawful.

Trainings: Starting October 9, 2018, employers must annually provide interactive sexual harassment prevention trainings to all employees. Employers must complete the first round of trainings by January 1, 2019.

Employers should provide trainings in the language spoken by the employees. At a minimum, trainings must:

  • Be interactive, engage the employees and allow opportunities to participate;
  • Explain and provide examples of behavior that constitutes unlawful sexual harassment;
  • Discuss federal, state, and local law protections and remedies available for victims of sexual harassment;
  • Inform employees of their rights of redress and external remedies, such as administrative and judicial remedies; and
  • Address conduct by supervisors/managers and any additional responsibilities for supervisors/managers.

Arbitration Agreements: Finally, the new laws also include a provision that prohibit sexual harassment claims from being subject to arbitration agreements. Arbitration provisions in collective bargaining agreements are exempt from this provision.

Are you in New York City? New York City recently passed a similar set of laws requiring employers to post a sexual harassment rights and responsibilities poster in English, Spanish, and other languages spoken by employees by September 6, 2018. Also, as of September 6, 2018, employers must provide all new employees with information about sexual harassment protections in the workplace, such as this fact sheet in English and Spanish developed by the New York City Human Rights Commission (NYCHRC), or a handbook policy containing the same information.

The training provisions in the state and local laws are mostly similar; however, local NYC laws require employers to discuss “bystander” intervention in harassment situations. Additionally, employers will be required to keep records of trainings for three years. Records should include a signed employee acknowledgement of receipt of training. The training provisions of the NYC’s laws go into effect on April 1, 2019.

See the PDF version of this article to read our chart summarizing the similarities and differences between the training provisions of the New York state and New York City local laws. If you have any questions about sexual harassment or other anti-discrimination policies, trainings, or arbitration agreement provisions, please do not hesitate to reach out to us at Stokes Wagner.